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69-year-old woman who I saw in the office on July 15, 2009. She had cataract surgery done in 2006, first in the left eye and subsequently in the right eye. She had vitreous separations with floaters. She also sees temporal flashing lights. In addition she has an unusual symptom of seeing lights in both eyes, sort of blotchy lights that move around throughout the visual field that are there most of the time. They are not regionalized and they seem to be in both eyes and they are not associated with any sort of visual phenomenon, such as looking at street lights or headlights and they can happen in dim lighting or regular lighting. VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/50. Pinhole 20/30. OS 20/30. IOP: OD 16, OS 15. Amsler grid is normal in both eyes. SLIT EXAMINATION: The right eye has a posterior chamber intraocular lens is in good position with clear capsular. The left eye has a posterior chamber intraocular lens is in good position with 2+ posterior capsular opacity and an open capsule center. EXTENDED OPHTHALMOSCOPY: OD: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.5. There is a posterior vitreous separation and trace epiretinal membrane. OS: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.5. There is posterior vitreous separation and trace epiretinal membrane. OCT SCAN: The OCT scan were normal as are the photos and fluorescein angiograms. ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS DISCUSSION: I explained to the patient that the photopsias she is seeing are atypical and do sound like something that we see occasionally in people who have retinal inflammatory disease, such as multiple evanescent white-dot syndrome or acute zonal occult outer retinopathy. All of those diseases though tend to have transient lights and they also tend to be regionalized. Her case is different in that she has had the lights now for several years and they seem to be diffuse. There are some drugs which will cause retinal toxicity, such as Digitalis that can cause people to see unusual light phenomenon and that tends to be a passing thing and she is not on any medications that to my knowledge cause any retinal toxicities. I suggested, just to be on the safe side she have a neurological evaluation, because occasionally visual symptoms are not from the eye, but from the visual pathways and it is possible that she has chronic irritation of her visual pathways somewhere. If you have not done so, it would be reasonable to obtain a visual field, just to make sure there is not something going on with her visual pathways that might be knocking on her visual field and I told her she does not need to return here unless you or she notes further problems. Thank you for allowing me to participate in her care.

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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fluorescein Angiogram120 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fluorescein Angiogram117 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fluorescein Angiogram97 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fluorescein Angiogram66 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fluorescein Angiogram52 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fluorescein Angiogram73 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fluorescein Angiogram50 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fluorescein Angiogram45 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fluorescein Angiogram45 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fluorescein Angiogram46 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fundus Photograph100 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fundus Photograph72 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Red Free54 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal FA43 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal fA48 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal FA46 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal FA43 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal FA47 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal FA35 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal FA37 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal FA34 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal FA60 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal OCT158 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal OCT145 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69 Year Old Woman Normal Fundus Photograph182 views69-year-old woman OD 20/50 - OS 20/30 ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS
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69-year-old woman who I saw in the office on July 15, 2009. She had cataract surgery done in 2006, first in the left eye and subsequently in the right eye. She had vitreous separations with floaters. She also sees temporal flashing lights. In addition she has an unusual symptom of seeing lights in both eyes, sort of blotchy lights that move around throughout the visual field that are there most of the time. They are not regionalized and they seem to be in both eyes and they are not associated with any sort of visual phenomenon, such as looking at street lights or headlights and they can happen in dim lighting or regular lighting. VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/50. Pinhole 20/30. OS 20/30. IOP: OD 16, OS 15. Amsler grid is normal in both eyes. SLIT EXAMINATION: The right eye has a posterior chamber intraocular lens is in good position with clear capsular. The left eye has a posterior chamber intraocular lens is in good position with 2+ posterior capsular opacity and an open capsule center. EXTENDED OPHTHALMOSCOPY: OD: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.5. There is a posterior vitreous separation and trace epiretinal membrane. OS: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.5. There is posterior vitreous separation and trace epiretinal membrane. OCT SCAN: The OCT scan were normal as are the photos and fluorescein angiograms. ATYPICAL PHOTOPSIAS DISCUSSION: I explained to the patient that the photopsias she is seeing are atypical and do sound like something that we see occasionally in people who have retinal inflammatory disease, such as multiple evanescent white-dot syndrome or acute zonal occult outer retinopathy. All of those diseases though tend to have transient lights and they also tend to be regionalized. Her case is different in that she has had the lights now for several years and they seem to be diffuse. There are some drugs which will cause retinal toxicity, such as Digitalis that can cause people to see unusual light phenomenon and that tends to be a passing thing and she is not on any medications that to my knowledge cause any retinal toxicities. I suggested, just to be on the safe side she have a neurological evaluation, because occasionally visual symptoms are not from the eye, but from the visual pathways and it is possible that she has chronic irritation of her visual pathways somewhere. If you have not done so, it would be reasonable to obtain a visual field, just to make sure there is not something going on with her visual pathways that might be knocking on her visual field and I told her she does not need to return here unless you or she notes further problems. Thank you for allowing me to participate in her care.