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56-year-old man was seen in the office on March 11, 2013. He was hospitalized for five days a few weeks ago for increased high blood pressure. He said when he was hospitalized he is not sure, but his systolic blood pressure was in the high 200s and the diastolic pressure was in the mid 100s. His vision is reasonable in both eyes. He is not noticing any pain or discomfort. VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/25, OS 20/20. IOP: 9 OU. SLIT EXAMINATION: There is 1+ nuclear sclerosis in both eyes. EXTENDED OPHTHALMOSCOPY: OD: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.1. There are 2+ cotton wool spots on the macula. OS: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.1. There is 1+ optic nerve edema and 2+ cotton wool spots. SPECTRALIS-SD-OCT SCAN: The nerve fiber layer scan shows thickening of the nerve fiber layer in both eyes. The average thickness in the right eye is 109 microns with thickening of the superior and inferior pole. The left eye has 133 microns with thinning of the superior, but thickening of the inferior pole of the nerve. COLOR PHOTOS: The photos show the cotton wool spots in the macula of both eyes. IMPRESSION: 1. HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY – BOTH EYES WITH COTTON WOOL SPOTS AND OPTIC NERVE EDEMA DISCUSSION: I explained to the patient that he does have manifestations of hypertensive retinopathy in both eyes. Generally when the blood pressure is controlled, the retina normalizes, but he may end up with a little bit of optic atrophy depending on how severe the ischemic insult to the eye was. I asked him to return for a check in six weeks so I can repeat some of the testing.

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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 566 views00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 418 views00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 493 views00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 420 views00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 268 views00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 283 views00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 158 views00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 160 views00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 119 viewsMacular Scan Shows Cotton Wool Spots and Nerve Swelling (on Left)00000
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htnretinopathy_gadi_042213_12.png
Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 251 views6 week fu - CWS are Fading00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 256 views6 week fu - CWS are Fading00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 293 viewsElschnig Spots are pigment spots in periphery00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 458 viewsElschnig Spots are pigment spots in periphery00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 476 viewsElschnig Spots00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 606 viewsElschnig Spots00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 285 views6 week fu - CWS are Fading00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 154 views6 week fu - CWS are Fading00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 108 views6 week fu - CWS are Fading00000
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htnretinopathy_gadi_042213_22.jpg
Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema (NFL Scan - Black Line this visit, Gray line 6 weeks ago)162 viewsNerve Swelling is Less00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 120 viewsNerve Swelling is less00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 181 views6 week fu - CWS are Fading00000
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56-year-old man was seen in the office on March 11, 2013. He was hospitalized for five days a few weeks ago for increased high blood pressure. He said when he was hospitalized he is not sure, but his systolic blood pressure was in the high 200s and the diastolic pressure was in the mid 100s. His vision is reasonable in both eyes. He is not noticing any pain or discomfort. VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/25, OS 20/20. IOP: 9 OU. SLIT EXAMINATION: There is 1+ nuclear sclerosis in both eyes. EXTENDED OPHTHALMOSCOPY: OD: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.1. There are 2+ cotton wool spots on the macula. OS: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.1. There is 1+ optic nerve edema and 2+ cotton wool spots. SPECTRALIS-SD-OCT SCAN: The nerve fiber layer scan shows thickening of the nerve fiber layer in both eyes. The average thickness in the right eye is 109 microns with thickening of the superior and inferior pole. The left eye has 133 microns with thinning of the superior, but thickening of the inferior pole of the nerve. COLOR PHOTOS: The photos show the cotton wool spots in the macula of both eyes. IMPRESSION: 1. HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY – BOTH EYES WITH COTTON WOOL SPOTS AND OPTIC NERVE EDEMA DISCUSSION: I explained to the patient that he does have manifestations of hypertensive retinopathy in both eyes. Generally when the blood pressure is controlled, the retina normalizes, but he may end up with a little bit of optic atrophy depending on how severe the ischemic insult to the eye was. I asked him to return for a check in six weeks so I can repeat some of the testing.