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56-year-old man was seen in the office on March 11, 2013. He was hospitalized for five days a few weeks ago for increased high blood pressure. He said when he was hospitalized he is not sure, but his systolic blood pressure was in the high 200s and the diastolic pressure was in the mid 100s. His vision is reasonable in both eyes. He is not noticing any pain or discomfort. VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/25, OS 20/20. IOP: 9 OU. SLIT EXAMINATION: There is 1+ nuclear sclerosis in both eyes. EXTENDED OPHTHALMOSCOPY: OD: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.1. There are 2+ cotton wool spots on the macula. OS: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.1. There is 1+ optic nerve edema and 2+ cotton wool spots. SPECTRALIS-SD-OCT SCAN: The nerve fiber layer scan shows thickening of the nerve fiber layer in both eyes. The average thickness in the right eye is 109 microns with thickening of the superior and inferior pole. The left eye has 133 microns with thinning of the superior, but thickening of the inferior pole of the nerve. COLOR PHOTOS: The photos show the cotton wool spots in the macula of both eyes. IMPRESSION: 1. HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY – BOTH EYES WITH COTTON WOOL SPOTS AND OPTIC NERVE EDEMA DISCUSSION: I explained to the patient that he does have manifestations of hypertensive retinopathy in both eyes. Generally when the blood pressure is controlled, the retina normalizes, but he may end up with a little bit of optic atrophy depending on how severe the ischemic insult to the eye was. I asked him to return for a check in six weeks so I can repeat some of the testing.

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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 792 kez bakıldı00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 554 kez bakıldı00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 644 kez bakıldı00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 619 kez bakıldı00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 411 kez bakıldı00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 387 kez bakıldı00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 230 kez bakıldı00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 272 kez bakıldı00000
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htnretinopathy_gadi_032013_11.jpg
Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 199 kez bakıldıMacular Scan Shows Cotton Wool Spots and Nerve Swelling (on Left)00000
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htnretinopathy_gadi_042213_12.png
Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 375 kez bakıldı6 week fu - CWS are Fading00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 399 kez bakıldı6 week fu - CWS are Fading00000
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htnretinopathy_gadi_042213_14.png
Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 417 kez bakıldıElschnig Spots are pigment spots in periphery00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 610 kez bakıldıElschnig Spots are pigment spots in periphery00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 641 kez bakıldıElschnig Spots00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 932 kez bakıldıElschnig Spots00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 451 kez bakıldı6 week fu - CWS are Fading00000
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htnretinopathy_gadi_042213_20.jpg
Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 229 kez bakıldı6 week fu - CWS are Fading00000
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htnretinopathy_gadi_042213_21.jpg
Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 173 kez bakıldı6 week fu - CWS are Fading00000
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htnretinopathy_gadi_042213_22.jpg
Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema (NFL Scan - Black Line this visit, Gray line 6 weeks ago)222 kez bakıldıNerve Swelling is Less00000
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Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 194 kez bakıldıNerve Swelling is less00000
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htnretinopathy_gadi_042213_24.jpg
Malignant Hypertension - Cotton Wool Spots - Elschnig Spots - Optic Nerve Edema 255 kez bakıldı6 week fu - CWS are Fading00000
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56-year-old man was seen in the office on March 11, 2013. He was hospitalized for five days a few weeks ago for increased high blood pressure. He said when he was hospitalized he is not sure, but his systolic blood pressure was in the high 200s and the diastolic pressure was in the mid 100s. His vision is reasonable in both eyes. He is not noticing any pain or discomfort. VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/25, OS 20/20. IOP: 9 OU. SLIT EXAMINATION: There is 1+ nuclear sclerosis in both eyes. EXTENDED OPHTHALMOSCOPY: OD: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.1. There are 2+ cotton wool spots on the macula. OS: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.1. There is 1+ optic nerve edema and 2+ cotton wool spots. SPECTRALIS-SD-OCT SCAN: The nerve fiber layer scan shows thickening of the nerve fiber layer in both eyes. The average thickness in the right eye is 109 microns with thickening of the superior and inferior pole. The left eye has 133 microns with thinning of the superior, but thickening of the inferior pole of the nerve. COLOR PHOTOS: The photos show the cotton wool spots in the macula of both eyes. IMPRESSION: 1. HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY – BOTH EYES WITH COTTON WOOL SPOTS AND OPTIC NERVE EDEMA DISCUSSION: I explained to the patient that he does have manifestations of hypertensive retinopathy in both eyes. Generally when the blood pressure is controlled, the retina normalizes, but he may end up with a little bit of optic atrophy depending on how severe the ischemic insult to the eye was. I asked him to return for a check in six weeks so I can repeat some of the testing.