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25-year-old man was seen in the office on August 24, 2012. Starting about one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. He had a cold. He never took his temperature. He is not sure whether he had a fever. Also around that time his joints started hurting him, specifically his elbows, knees and ankles. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe, it is actually a little less than his usual headache and does not appear to be escalating. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision. They are a little bit off to the side. VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32. IOP: 16 OU. SLIT EXAMINATION: There is 1+ cell and flare of the anterior chamber in both eyes with clear lenses. There are no iris nodules. EXTENDED OPHTHALMOSCOPY: OD: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.2. There is no posterior vitreous separation and 1+ vitreous cells. There are some splotchy white geographic areas in the posterior pole. OS: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.2. There is no posterior vitreous separation. There are 1+ vitreous cells. Again, there are splotchy white geographic areas in the posterior pole. In neither eye do the white spots involve the center of the macula. FUNDUS PHOTOGRAPHY - AUTO FLUORESCENCE: The image in the left eye shows patches of hyper auto fluorescence corresponding to the areas of involvement. FUNDUS PHOTOGRAPHY - INFRA RED: The image shows very little change, it is nearly normal. FLUORESCEIN ANGIOGRAPHY: Fluorescein angiography shows as you would expect, early hypofluorescence corresponding to the lesions and they are more visible on the fluorescein angiogram than they are funduscopically. In the later frames the lesions stain fairly uniformly throughout the center of them and there is even a little bit of leakage possibly associated with them. The left eye similarly shows early blocking and late staining. INDOCYANINE GREEN ANGIOGRAPHY: The indocyanine green angiogram, which was shot out to fifteen minutes shows dense geographic blocking of the indocyanine green in the geographic areas. There are many more spots visible on indocyanine green angiogram than there are either on funduscopic or on fluorescein angiogram. SPECTRALIS-SD-OCT SCAN: The OCT scan of the right eye shows the lesions to be predominately in the deep retina. There is clear loss of the photoreceptor integrity. The pigment epithelium looks normal in the area of the lesions, but above that the photoreceptor outer segments all the way up to the external limiting membrane lose their normal architecture and in some areas where the lesions are a little bit fresher, it looks like there is loss of the entire outer segment of the photoreceptors with only preservation of the nuclei. There is no evidence of any serous retinal detachment in either eye. The left eye similarly on the OCT scan shows over the lesion again a loss of photoreceptor integrity. There does appear to be a little bit of pigment epithelial irregularity over the dense lesion inferior to the fovea. The involvement goes all the way from the outer plexiform layer out to the retinal pigment epithelium. The edges of the lesions are sharp and no evidence of any spreading around them.

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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fundus Photo - Color1018 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fundus Photo - Color570 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fundus Photo - Color386 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fundus Photo - Color583 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fundus Photo - Color473 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fundus Photo - Color392 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fundus Photo - Color296 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - InfraRed Photo321 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - InfraRed Photo288 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - InfraRed Photo268 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - InfraRed Photo295 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fundus Autofluorescence401 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fundus Autofluorescence341 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fundus Autofluorescence373 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fundus Autofluorescence375 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Red Free Photo307 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_17.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Red Free264 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram512 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_19.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram332 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram372 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_21.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram335 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_22.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram248 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_23.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram280 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_24.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram292 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram374 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_26.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram314 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_27.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram387 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_28.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram357 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_29.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram233 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_30.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram248 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_31.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram318 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_32.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram322 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_33.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Indocyanine Green Angiogram340 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_34.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Indocyanine Green Angiogram269 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_35.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Indocyanine Green Angiogram256 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_36.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Indocyanine Green Angiogram208 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_37.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Indocyanine Green Angiogram344 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_38.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Indocyanine Green Angiogram234 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_39.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Fluorescein Angiogram394 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_40.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Indocyanine Green Angiogram256 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_41.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Indocyanine Green Angiogram298 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_42.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Indocyanine Green Angiogram255 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_43.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Indocyanine Green Angiogram248 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_44.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Indocyanine Green Angiogram313 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_45.avi
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - OCT video takes TIME to load348 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_46.avi
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - OCT Video - Takes TIME to load392 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_47.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - SD-OCT 353 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_48.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - SD-OCT 662 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
APMPPE_rofe_49.jpg
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - SD-OCT 595 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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(0 votes)
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - SD-OCT 766 views 25-year-old man with one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. Also around that time his joints started hurting him. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision.
VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Sequential color photos show progression529 viewsVision in right eye dropped to 5/200 by the last photo.00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - APMPPE - Sequential color photos show progression453 viewsVision in right eye dropped to 5/200 by the last photo.00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset196 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset114 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset159 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset139 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset126 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset113 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset127 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset102 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset100 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset119 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset91 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset131 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset119 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset110 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset95 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset101 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy - 4 years after onset179 views4 years after presentation - vision 20/80 OD 20/16 OS and there is subretinal fibrosis00000
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25-year-old man was seen in the office on August 24, 2012. Starting about one and half weeks ago he woke up with night chills. He had a cold. He never took his temperature. He is not sure whether he had a fever. Also around that time his joints started hurting him, specifically his elbows, knees and ankles. He also has headaches, although the headache at this point is not severe, it is actually a little less than his usual headache and does not appear to be escalating. His vision has been changing for about the last week and a half. He sees some spots in his vision and they are blurred spots. They are not in the central vision. They are a little bit off to the side. VISUAL ACUITY: OD 20/32, OS 20/32. IOP: 16 OU. SLIT EXAMINATION: There is 1+ cell and flare of the anterior chamber in both eyes with clear lenses. There are no iris nodules. EXTENDED OPHTHALMOSCOPY: OD: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.2. There is no posterior vitreous separation and 1+ vitreous cells. There are some splotchy white geographic areas in the posterior pole. OS: Vertical C/D ratio is 0.2. There is no posterior vitreous separation. There are 1+ vitreous cells. Again, there are splotchy white geographic areas in the posterior pole. In neither eye do the white spots involve the center of the macula. FUNDUS PHOTOGRAPHY - AUTO FLUORESCENCE: The image in the left eye shows patches of hyper auto fluorescence corresponding to the areas of involvement. FUNDUS PHOTOGRAPHY - INFRA RED: The image shows very little change, it is nearly normal. FLUORESCEIN ANGIOGRAPHY: Fluorescein angiography shows as you would expect, early hypofluorescence corresponding to the lesions and they are more visible on the fluorescein angiogram than they are funduscopically. In the later frames the lesions stain fairly uniformly throughout the center of them and there is even a little bit of leakage possibly associated with them. The left eye similarly shows early blocking and late staining. INDOCYANINE GREEN ANGIOGRAPHY: The indocyanine green angiogram, which was shot out to fifteen minutes shows dense geographic blocking of the indocyanine green in the geographic areas. There are many more spots visible on indocyanine green angiogram than there are either on funduscopic or on fluorescein angiogram. SPECTRALIS-SD-OCT SCAN: The OCT scan of the right eye shows the lesions to be predominately in the deep retina. There is clear loss of the photoreceptor integrity. The pigment epithelium looks normal in the area of the lesions, but above that the photoreceptor outer segments all the way up to the external limiting membrane lose their normal architecture and in some areas where the lesions are a little bit fresher, it looks like there is loss of the entire outer segment of the photoreceptors with only preservation of the nuclei. There is no evidence of any serous retinal detachment in either eye. The left eye similarly on the OCT scan shows over the lesion again a loss of photoreceptor integrity. There does appear to be a little bit of pigment epithelial irregularity over the dense lesion inferior to the fovea. The involvement goes all the way from the outer plexiform layer out to the retinal pigment epithelium. The edges of the lesions are sharp and no evidence of any spreading around them.